Basic jQuery Form Validation Example (2mins)

This tutorial will show you how to setup front-end form validation using jQuery in just a few minutes. I’ve kept this tutorial very basic with simple clear instructions so that anyone can implement some validation on their webpage forms. There is a live demo and also a complete download package at the end of the post.

View Demo Download Code

Example: User Registration Form

register-form1

The Same Form With Validation

This is what your form will look like when a user tries to submit an empty form.
register-form2

Related Posts:

2min Setup Validation Instructions

Step 1 – Include the latest version of the jQuery Library.

Or use the hotlink welcome file:

//hosted by Microsoft Ajax CDN
<script src="http://ajax.aspnetcdn.com/ajax/jquery.validate/1.9/jquery.validate.min.js"></script>

Step 2 – Download the jQuery Validation Plugin.

Or use the hotlink welcome file:

//hosted by Google API
<script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1/jquery.min.js"></script>

Step 3 – Add the following JavaScript validation rules to your webpage (or indlude as seperate js include).

The code below contains the input field validation rules for the form and also includes a direct submit handler (works for mutiple forms on same page).

(function($,W,D)
{
    var JQUERY4U = {};

    JQUERY4U.UTIL =
    {
        setupFormValidation: function()
        {
            //form validation rules
            $("#register-form").validate({
                rules: {
                    firstname: "required",
                    lastname: "required",
                    email: {
                        required: true,
                        email: true
                    },
                    password: {
                        required: true,
                        minlength: 5
                    },
                    agree: "required"
                },
                messages: {
                    firstname: "Please enter your firstname",
                    lastname: "Please enter your lastname",
                    password: {
                        required: "Please provide a password",
                        minlength: "Your password must be at least 5 characters long"
                    },
                    email: "Please enter a valid email address",
                    agree: "Please accept our policy"
                },
                submitHandler: function(form) {
                    form.submit();
                }
            });
        }
    }

    //when the dom has loaded setup form validation rules
    $(D).ready(function($) {
        JQUERY4U.UTIL.setupFormValidation();
    });

})(jQuery, window, document);

Step 4 – Add the HTML for the form and some styles.

The input fields “name” attribute is important as it maps directly to the validation rules.

<!-- HTML form for validation demo -->
<form action="" method="post" id="register-form" novalidate="novalidate">

    <h2>User Registration</h2>

    <div id="form-content">
        <fieldset>

            <div class="fieldgroup">
                <label for="firstname">First Name</label>
                <input type="text" name="firstname">
            </div>

            <div class="fieldgroup">
                <label for="lastname">Last Name</label>
                <input type="text" name="lastname">
            </div>

            <div class="fieldgroup">
                <label for="email">Email</label>
                <input type="text" name="email">
            </div>

            <div class="fieldgroup">
                <label for="password">Password</label>
                <input type="password" name="password">
            </div>

            <div class="fieldgroup">
                <p class="right">By clicking register you agree to our <a target="_blank" href="/policy">policy</a>.</p>
                <input type="submit" value="Register" class="submit">
            </div>

        </fieldset>
    </div>

        <div class="fieldgroup">
            <p>Already registered? <a href="/login">Sign in</a>.</p>
        </div>
</form>

Here are some optional CSS styles, which I used for the demo.

 /* example styles for validation form demo */
#register-form {
    background: url("form-fieldset.gif") repeat-x scroll left bottom #F8FDEF;
    border: 1px solid #DFDCDC;
    border-radius: 15px 15px 15px 15px;
    display: inline-block;
    margin-bottom: 30px;
    margin-left: 20px;
    margin-top: 10px;
    padding: 25px 50px 10px;
    width: 350px;
}

#register-form .fieldgroup {
    background: url("form-divider.gif") repeat-x scroll left top transparent;
    display: inline-block;
    padding: 8px 10px;
    width: 340px;
}

#register-form .fieldgroup label {
    float: left;
    padding: 15px 0 0;
    text-align: right;
    width: 110px;
}

#register-form .fieldgroup input, #register-form .fieldgroup textarea, #register-form .fieldgroup select {
    float: right;
    margin: 10px 0;
    height: 25px;
}

#register-form .submit {
    padding: 10px;
    width: 220px;
    height: 40px !important;
}

#register-form .fieldgroup label.error {
    color: #FB3A3A;
    display: inline-block;
    margin: 4px 0 5px 125px;
    padding: 0;
    text-align: left;
    width: 220px;
}

That’s it your done!

Next step is to learn how to use Ajax to load custom validation rules.

View Live DemoDownload Source Code Package